A person contracts the. People with chronic hepatitis C might also experience mild physical symptoms that come and go periodically, often resembling the flu. Can hepatitis C infection affect other organs besides the liver? Emails from NHS Choices. Harvoni combines two drugs: sofosbuvir Sovaldi and ledipasvir. What is the outlook hdpatitis a person with hepatitis C? Myths and facts hepatitis c cause weight loss this essential organ.
Find exact match Hepatitis is the medical term for inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by a number of factors, including viruses like hepatitis B and Calcohol abuse, large doses of certain medications, and poisons. Most people infected with the hepatitis C virus have no or only mild symptoms, so they do not always know they are infected. In some people, over time, chronic infection with the hepatitis C virus can damage the liver and lead to cirrhosis.
Drinking alcohol and being overweight add to the risk of developing cirrhosis. See "Patient education: Cirrhosis Beyond the Basics ". Many people with hepatitis C infection do now know how they were infected. The hepatitis C virus is spread by contact with blood. Some people are able to fight off the infection at this stage and become cured.
But most people — 60 to 80 percent of those infected — go on to develop a chronic infection. That means the virus remains active in their body, even if they do not know they have it. In recent decades, the rates of hepatitis C infection have been declining, probably owing to cleaner injection practices among intravenous drug users.
Nevertheless, hepatitis C remains a concern, especially among people born between andmany of whom are unknowingly infected. Most people with hepatitis C have no symptoms or only mild nonspecific symptoms that are difficult to attribute to the infection. Among those who do have symptoms, the most frequent complaint is fatigue.
Other less common symptoms include nausea, decreased appetite, muscle or joint pain, weakness, and weight loss. Healthcare providers diagnose hepatitis C using two types of test. One type of test checks the blood for antibodies — proteins made by the immune system in response to the virus. The other hepatitis c cause weight loss of test checks for a substance called RNA made by the virus itself.
Most people who have a negative antibody test do not have hepatitis C infection and do not need additional testing. However, healthcare providers may also order an RNA test if they suspect acute infection or if the person being tested has a potentially compromised immune system such as those with HIV infection. People who have an active chronic infection will have both a positive antibody test and a positive RNA test. People who have a positive hepatitis c cause weight loss test and a negative RNA test either had a false positive antibody test or had the infection at one time but were able to fight it off.
To take the test, you collect your own sample of blood and send it to a lab, which will return the results in 4 to 10 business days. Data presented to the FDA suggest that the at-home test is about as hepatitis c cause weight loss as the test that hospitals use. Who should be tested? Experts also recommend routine testing for people born between andbecause the risk of infection is high in this group.
There are several forms of the virus—called genotypes—each of which must be treated differently. In the United States, genotype 1 is the most common, but genotypes 2 and 3, and less commonly 4, also occur. Healthcare providers can assess the degree of liver damage using a number of blood tests, an imaging test called ultrasound-based transient elastography which is not available everywhereor, in some cases, a liver biopsy.
See "Patient education: Liver biopsy Beyond the Basics ". They are also more vulnerable to any infection that targets the liver. As a result, after diagnosing hepatitis C, healthcare providers often do followup tests for HIV, and hepatitis A and B. People whose tests show they are not immune to hepatitis A and B should get vaccinated against these infections.
There are a number of medications to treat hepatitis C. In the vast majority of people, these medications have an excellent chance of curing the infection. Other factors to consider include whether the person has other illnesses, such as kidney disease and whether the person already had a liver hepatitis c cause weight loss. The table lists the currently available hepatitis C medications, the genotypes for which they are used, and some of the most common or serious side effects table 1.
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What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection? About 75% of people have no symptoms when they first get hepatitis C infection. Excessive alcohol consumption is a significant cause of hepatitis and is the most common cause of cirrhosis in the U.S. Alcoholic hepatitis is within the spectrum of. May 17, · This infection of the liver is caused by the hepatitis C virus. About million people in the U.S. have the disease. But it causes few symptoms, so most.